Covering approximately 9.6 million square kilometres, Australia is the world’s sixth- largest country, with a population of 24 million. In the last 50 years, over 5 million people from nearly 200 countries have migrated to Australia. 40% of these migrants are from Asia.
The official language of Australia is English and the capital city is Canberra (ACT). Sydney and Melbourne are the largest and second-largest metropolis. Melbourne has been chosen as one of the “World’s Most Livable Cities” for many years, and 3 Australian cities are currently in the top 10. Its high quality of life makes Australia a popular destination country for immigrants.
Australia is one of the earliest countries to have implemented social welfare, a social security system established in 1910. It has one of the world’s best social welfare system. New immigrants can have free medical care and free public education, in addition to various subsidies and tax incentives. At present, a complete welfare system has been implemented nationwide, offering a wide variety of benefits throughout Australia.
Australian social welfare fund mainly includes:
Any family with children could apply for 50-300AUD per person every two weeks, depending on the child’s age, number of children and family’s total income and property.
Those aged 65 and above can get a pension along with subsidized medication and other health care benefits, with the amount depending on their personal income and assets. Other support includes reduced costs for public transportation fares, local taxes, electricity costs and vehicle registration fees.
After giving birth to a child, mother can get a delivery subsidy of 950 AUD to assist with the cost of raising a child.
The constitution of the Commonwealth of Australia states that primary, secondary schools and colleges are under the charge of the state and territory’s department of education. Universities are funded and run by the federal government. Public schools are free for Australian Citizens and Permanent Residents.
Medicare is a national program that provides health insurance in Australia. A majority of new immigrants can immediately enjoy free medical services. Patients of Medicare are entitled to free treatment in public hospitals. As soon as you arrive in Australia, you should register at the nearest Medicare office. Remember to bring your passport and visa approval letter to prove that you are an Australia Permanent Resident. The Government will pay for the cost of the patient’s physician visits, surgeries in public hospitals and inpatient services including medication and day care.